Howard, Thomas, Earl of Surrey and Duke of Norfolk


Howard, Thomas, Earl of Surrey and Duke of Norfolk
(1443–1524)
   A prominent supporter of RICHARD III, Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey, later revived the Howard family fortunes through loyal service to the house of TUDOR.
   Like his father, John HOWARD, Thomas was a loyal adherent of the house of YORK. In 1466, Howard became a henchman (i.e., a HOWARD, THOMAS, EARL OF SURREY AND DUKE OF NORFOLK 125 squire or page) to EDWARD IV, and fought for Edward at the Battles of BARNET and TEWKESBURY in 1471. He accompanied the king on the expedition to FRANCE in 1475 and was knighted in January 1478. In 1483, Howard and his father supported Richard III’s usurpation of his nephew’s throne (see Edward V, King of England; Usurpation of 1483). At the COUNCIL meeting held in the TOWER OF LONDON on 13 June, it was Thomas Howard who, upon Richard’s signal, burst into the chamber with armed men to arrest William HASTINGS, Lord Hastings (see Council Meeting of 13 june 1483). To reward the Howards’ loyalty, Richard created John Howard duke of Norfolk and Thomas Howard earl of Surrey. At Richard’s coronation in July, Surrey carried the sword of state before the king, and was soon after appointed steward of the royal household and a member of the royal council. In the autumn, during BUCKINGHAM’S REBELLION, Surrey led the royal forces that recaptured Bodiam Castle from the rebels.
   In August 1485, Surrey fought for Richard at the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD, where both the king and Norfolk were slain. Imprisoned in the Tower by HENRY VII, Surrey was stripped of his lands and title by a bill of ATTAINDER passed in the first PARLIAMENT of the new reign. Although pardoned in March 1486, Surrey remained in confinement until January 1489, when the king restored his title. The earl did not, however, recover his estates until 1501, having by then earned them through loyal service against rebels in Yorkshire and against the Yorkist pretender Perkin WARBECK. After helping to negotiate the marriage of Prince Arthur to Catherine of Aragon in 1501, and the marriage of Princess Margaret to JAMES IV of SCOTLAND in 1502, Surrey finally regained his father’s dukedom in 1513 by defeating the Scots and slaying King James at the Battle of Flodden. By his death in 1524, Thomas Howard, the second Howard duke of Norfolk, had effectively erased his Yorkist past and firmly tied his family’s future to the house of Tudor.
   Further Reading: Head, David, The Ebbs and Flows of Fortune: The Life of Thomas Howard,Third Duke of Norfolk (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995);Tucker, Melvin J., The Life of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey and Second Duke of Norfolk, 1443-1524 (The Hague, Netherlands: Mouton, 1964).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HOWARD, Henry Earl of Surrey — (c. 1517 1547) In his Arte of English Poesie (1589), George Puttenham gave Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, the title of being among the first reformers of English poetry for having greatly polished its rude and homely manner. Though the sub­sequent …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Howard, Henry, Earl Of Surrey — (?1517 1547)    He took the title of Earl of Surrey in 1524 when his father, Thomas Howard, succeeded as 3rd Duke of Norfolk. He studied classical and modern literature and showed promise as a poet, and he could translate Latin, Italian, and… …   British and Irish poets

  • Howard, Henry, Earl of Surrey — (ca. 1517 1547)    English poet, associated with his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503 1542) in the introduction of the sonnet, a form developed in Italy during the 13th century and perfected in the works of Petrarch, into English poetry. Wyatt… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Duke of Norfolk — The coat of arms of the Dukes of Norfolk (since 1660) …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk — Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk The Duke of Norfolk by Hans Holbein. Spouse(s) …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 3. Duke of Norfolk — mit dem Hosenbandorden und dem Marschallstab des Earl Marshal von England (Porträt von Hans Holbein dem Jüngeren, 1539/40, Tempera auf Holz; heute in der Royal Collection, Windsor Castle) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk — (March 9, 1627 ndash; December 13, 1677) was an English noble. He was born to Henry Frederick Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel and Lady Elizabeth Stuart. His full title was Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk, 23rd Earl of Arundel, 6th Earl of Surrey …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk — The Duke of Norfolk Spouse(s) Elizabeth Tilney Agnes Tilney Issue Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk Sir Edward Howard Lord Edmund Howard Elizabeth Howard Muriel Howard Willi …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk — For other people of the same name, see Thomas Howard (disambiguation). The Duke of Norfolk Spouse(s) Mary FitzAlan Margaret Audley Elizabeth Leyburne Noble family …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Surrey — The Earldom of Surrey was first created in 1088 for William de Warenne. Perhaps because he held little property in Surrey, the earldom came to be more commonly called of Warenne . The name Warenne comes from the name of their property in Normandy …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.